These images are taken from Meshal Haqadmoni, moral tales written in the thirteenth century by Ibn Sahula. A complete translation by Professor Raphael Loewe was published by Littmann Library in 2005.

Folio 311b

"Image of both the wolf and the fox, and the bear passes before them" is the caption which is faithfully illustrated by the same artist of folio 309v.

Folio 312

Folio 312, containing two very beautiful panels, is rather more complex: in the first, "Image of the wolf sitting as usual in his dwelling, while he has hidden two witnesses behind the fence," there is an attractive little scene where two rabbits inquisitively look over a fence to see a wolf chatting with a fox (who is not mentioned in the caption). Here the barn takes on an architectural solidity which enables us to compare it with other, similar elements which were very common in Lombard painting in the second half of the fifteenth century. These can be seen for example, in the panel (now in the Denver Museum of Art) of the altar painting by Bonifacio Bembo. Alongside, we see the "Image of the bear beheading the fox for his transgression" and the scene which might (intentionally) appear cruel if it were not for the expressions on the face of the two animals: even the bleeding head of the fox seems surprised by what has happened..